History of Sirsi Sadat
Sirsi Sadat is located 10 Km Dist. Sambhal of State U.P. (India). Its history has been known for about 800 years ago. The glorious history of Sirsi Sadat has been basically revolving around the two main historical personalities; Dada Makhdoom Syed Jamal Uddin Zaidi Wasti (R.A.) and Syed Ali Naqi urf Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Neshapuri Shaheed (R.A.).
In seventh century of Hijri, there was a famous, spiritual scholar and tactical person Dada Makhdoom Syed Jamal Uddin Zaidi Wasti (R.A.). His race belongs to Syed Zaid Shaheed, the son of Imam Zainul Abedeen (A.S.) in the following sequence- Syed Jamal Uddin S/O Syed Mohammad S/O Syed Ahamad urf Syed Ali S/O Syed Husain S/O Syed Abul Hasan S/O Syed Fakhar Uddin S/O Syed Ali Iraqui S/O Syed Abul Fatah S/O Syed Abul Fazaail urf Faizi S/O Syed Abul Faraj Wasti S/O Syed Daud S/O Syed Husain S/O Syed Eisa S/O Syed Umar S/O Syed Zaid S/O Syed Laheri S/O Syed Yahiya S/O Syed Zaid Shaheed S/O Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedeen (A.S.) S/O Hazrat Imam Husain (A.S.) S/O Hazrat Imam Ali (A.S.).
The Grandfather of Dada Makhdoom, Syed Abdullah Husain Abul Faraj Wasti accompanied with his four sons: Syed Abul Fazaail Faizi, Syed Abul Faraas, Syed Daud and Syed Najm Uddin, came to India in the last decade of fourth century of Hijri, along with Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi. After victory on Panjab, Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi presented some area of Panjab as a reward to Syed Abul Faraj Wasti. Though Syed Abul Faraj Wasti went back to his native city Wast, but his all four sons remained settled in Panjab. The elder Son Syed Abul Fazaail remained settled at Chhat Road in Panjab, second son Syed Daud settled in Kaundli, third son Syed Najm Uddin in Tahanpur and fourth son Syed Abul Faraas in Jajneer. The descendants of Syed Abul Faraj Wasti had been spreaded all over India. On the basis of residence the Sadat of Syed Abul Faraj Wasti is known as Chhati roadi, Jajmeeri, Kaundli wali and Tahanpuri.
Dada Makhdoom Syed Jamal Uddin Zaidi Wasti (R.A.) belongs to Sadate Chhat road. He was accompanied with Sultan Shahab Uddin Ghauri (the brother of Ala-Uddin Ghauri) in the battle in 588 A.H. Sultan Shahab Uddin Ghauri got victory in this battle by blessing of Dada Makhdoom.
Then after Dada Makhdoom arrived at a place (later called Sirsi) 10 Km far from District Sambhal and settled with his family and relatives. There were his wife, two sons, a daughter and a servant Durwesh Mohammad Daari.
Dada Makhdoom Syed Jamal Uddin (R.A.) had two sons named as Syed Ismaeel and Syed Haider and a daughter named as Syeda Wadudun-Nisa. The ruler of that period, presented 52,000 Bigha, land as a reward to Dada Makhdoom, which is remained now as an inheritance near the descendants of his daughter Syeda Wadudun-Nisa.
Dada Makhdoom was died on 17th, Rajab, 651 A.H. (1255A.D.). The shrine of Dada Makdoom Syed Jamal Uddin Zaidi Wasti is located near Sambhal-Moradabad Road in Gharbi Sirsi. On every death anniversary of Dada Makhdoom the ‘Fateha Khawani’ is presented on his shrine. The meal of Fateha is distributed in Sadate Sirsi. The shrine of Dada Makhdoom is world famous as a centre of spirituality. Thousands of believers from the different parts of the world have been attending the shrine for hundreds of years and getting their wishes. It is a rare symbol of peace, unity and brotherhood. People of all sects make an obeisance at the shrine irrespective of the religions they belong to. A unique and peculiar fact that here in Dargah (compound) snakes and scorpions do not bite which is a great attraction for the people. Moreover,another amazement is that the children suffering from dumbness, do start speaking here by blessing of Dada Makhdoom Sahab. On getting fitness their parents present the tongue of animals or made of Gold or Silver to his Dargah. There is also a pond on the footer side of grave of Dada Makhdoom Sahab. The water of the pond is utilized in treatment of various diseases. Every Thursday evening, after the Ziyarat of Azakhana, people of Sirsi attend the Dargah of Dada Makhdoom and present Fateha.
At time of Dada Makhdoom, the Grandfather (Moorise Aala) of Sadate Naqvia Gharbi Sirsi, Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Neshapuri(R.A.) migrating from Sabz Qadam, Neshapur, Iran came to India. On that time, the son of Changez Khan named as Tooli Khan attacked on Iran and terrorized the whole country. It resulted civil war ruined the whole Iran. All Sadat living in Iran were facing trouble very much and became unsafe at all. During that civil war, Syed Ali Naqi urf Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Neshapuri along with his brother Syed Ismaeel Naqvi, son Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi, nephew Syed Meer Gadan Naqvi and a servant Malik Shah Khurasani, migrated from Neshapur, Iran to India in 632 A.H (1234A.D.). Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Neshapuri belongs to the race of Imam Ali Naqi(A.S.) as the following sequence Syed Ali Arab S/O Syed Mehmood Neshapuri S/O Syed Daud S/O Syed Hamza S/O Syed Sharaf Uddin Neshapuri S/O Syed Ahmad S/O Syed Abdullah S/O Syed Ali Ashqar S/O Syed Jafar-e-Saani S/O Imam Ali Naqi (A.S.).
The ruler of that time granted the area of Pansukha in Sambhal as a reward to Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Neshapuri. Pansukha was also named regarding him as “Ali Pur”.Due to communal insanity, Syed Ali Arab Naqvi was murdered on 21th, Ramzan, 635 A.H. (1238A.D.). A poet (Sha`ir) of that period, made a Quata regarding the date of murder---
“Saani Ibne Muljim bedeen, Kard Qatal Ali aley Nabi
Roohe Zehra Bamatamash naleed, Qatal al Sayyed Beh Gaftah Ali”
The grave of Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Neshapuri Shaheed is located in “Ali pur” (Pansukha) where Sadate Gharbi Sirsi do go to present Fateha Khawani. After the death of Syed Ali Arab Naqvi, his brother Syed Ismaeel Naqvi, son Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi, nephew Syed Meer Gadan and a servant Malik Shah Khurasani shifted to Sirsi in the shelter of Dada Makhdoom Sahab. Before coming Malik Shah Khurasani, Dada Makhdoom was already informed by a spiritual dream in which ‘a person brought a child and informed him that his innocent father was murdered’. Dada Makhdoom, then, decided to look after the child Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi. After leaving Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi near Dada Makhdoom Sahab, Syed Ismaeel Naqvi along with his son Syed Meer Gadan Naqvi, went to Mohaan (Dist. Unnaw). Today, the grave of Syed Meer Gadan Naqvi is located in the town Mohaan.
At the time of death of his father (Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Shaheed), Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi was 13-14 yeas old. Dada Makhdoom looked after and provided him education. When Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi had become adult, then Dada Makhdoom arranged the marriage of his real daughter Syeda Wadudun-Nisa with Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi. By Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi Neshapuri and Syeda Wadudun-Nisa Zaidi Wasti, a son Syed Hasan Arif Naqvi was born.
Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi (Dada Makhdoom`s son-in-law) and Syed Ghulam Haider urf Syed Haider & Syed Ismaeel urf Syed Ghulam Akbar (sons of Dada Makhdoom) established the town Sirsi. Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi named this town “Saraye Shi`a” according to the Abjad numbers as 656 referring the year of establishment i.e.656 A.H (1258A.D.). Then after during a long period, this name was modified as “Saraasi” and now as “Sirsi”. In 658 A.H.(1260AD). Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi had also established first Masjid in Sirsi, called “Ka`aba-e-Saani”.
On left side of the holy grave of Dada Makhdoom, there are three grave, one of them is of his son Syed Ismaeel Zaidi, second of his son-in-law Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi and third one of his daughter Syeda Wadudun-Nisa. The shrine of Dada Makhdoom was gotten built by Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi. “Syed Jamal Ashiq-e –Allahbood” is the date code according to Abjad Number 697 referring to the year of construction of the shrine i.e. 697A.H. (1298AD). Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi S/O Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Neshapuri Shaheed was died on 19th, Ramazan, 721 A.H. (1321 A.D.)
Syed Hasan Arif Naqvi had four sons named as Syed Aalam Akbar urf Syed Akbar Ali Naqvi, Syed Haider Ali Naqvi, Syed Ausat Ali Naqvi urf Syed Manjhoo and Syed Asghar Ali Naqvi (Chaar Saath); whose descendants (Aulad) are called “Meer or Bare Potey”, “Haider Potey”, “Manjhoo Potey” and “Khurd Potey” respectively. Thus all these families are called “Sadate Naqvia Gharbi Sirsi” belonging to the race of Syed Hasan Arif Naqvi (the grandson (pota) of Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Neshapuri Shaheed and son of the daughter (Nawasa) of Dada Makhdoom Sahab).Syed Hasan Arif Naqvi was a merciful, gracious and ingenious holy man. He was famous for his good reception of guest as well as for military profession.
On request of a military commander, Syed Hasan Arif Naqvi had gone to Dehli in 700A.H. (1301 AD)) He was hounered by the rular of that time due to being a respective “Sayyed” and he was allotted an area of 64,000 Bigha in Sirsi.
Near the grave of Dada Makhdoom on getting down the platform, two more graves are also there. One of them is of Syed Hasan Arif Naqvi (Nawasa of Dada Makhdoom) S/O Syed Zaid Kalan Naqvi and other is of his wife Syeda Fatima, the daughter of Syed Sharaf Uddin(R.A.).
Like the geographical history of Saraye Shi`a (Sirsi), there is also an ancient history of Azaa-e-Imame Husain (A.S.). On making the study of Azaa-e-Imame Husain, first of all we concentrate on the old Imam Bara i.e. Azakhana Kalan established by Syed Hasan Arif Naqvi in 734 A.H. (1333 A.D.). The word ‘Azakhana’ has the Abjad number as 734 referring the year of establishment (734 A.H.). This Azakhana Kalan at Sirsi is one of the oldest Azakhana (Imam Bara) in India, where the Azadari-e-Shohada-e-Karbala has been solemnizing for about seven hundreds years. After thirty years of the establishment of Azakhana Kalan, the Jama Masjid named as ‘Khana-e-Haq’ was established in 764 A.H.(1363 A.D.) where Namaz-e-Jamat has been going on till now.
Besides Azakhana Kalan Gharbi, there are about hundred of Azakhanas i.e. Azakhana Sharqi, Azakhana Bangali Sahab, Azakhana Munshiyan, Azakhana Masoom Ali, Azakhana Nawaban, Azakhana Bazar, Azakhana Maqoofa, Azakhana Hazrat Qasim, Azakhana Dalan, Azakhana Hazrat Abbas Azakhana Imam Raza and so on.
There are about two dozens of Matami Anjumans. A lot of Jaloos-e-Aza is arranged in the month of Moharram and Safar (the months of Islamic Calendar). Out of these, Jaloos held on 10th Moharram, 11th Moharram, 20th Safar and 22th Safar (Bahattar Taboot) have specific importance.The spiritual atmosphere makes them different. Sunni Muslims along with Shia Muslims also celebrate Azaa-e-Imame Husain.
Sadat e Sirsi have been remained ‘Zamidar’ in pre-British period as well as in the British period. Moreover, the fertile and spiritual land of Sirsi has originated a lot of great personalities concerned with various field of life such as Ulema-e-Deen (Scholars of religion), Philosophers, Adba, Shau`ara (Poets), Freedom fighters, Politicians, science scholars etc.
There are various educational institutions in Sirsi. Jawahar Lal Memorial Inter College (Markaze Tehzeeb:the old name) is the oldest institute in the town. Beside it, Govt. Girls college, Behman Public School: a CBSE affiliated senior secondary school, Sadat Degree College, I.M. Inter College etc about seven inter colleges and a Sadat Degree College are there,which are providing education, not only to the people of town Sirsi but also to the people of near areas.
Syed Nawazish Murtaza Naqvi Sirsivi
(M.Sc. Chem. J.M.I. Univ. New Delhi) Owner Website: www.sadatesirsi.co
1. Zainul Muttaqeen Maulana Syed Mohammd Taqi Naqvi Sirsivi
2. Tareekhe Farishata Mohammad Qasim Farishta
3. Ahkam e Alam Geeri Hameed Uddin Khan
4. Samarat ul Quds Laal Baig Bakhshi Murad Bakhsh
5. Israria Syed Kamal Sambhali
6. Anwar e Sadat Syed Zafar Yaab Tirmizi
7. Halate Sadate Sirsi Maulana Syed Ayyub Husain Naqvi Sirsivi
8. Hulyatul Momeneen Sehba Sirsivi
9. Riyazul Ansaab Syed Maqsood Naqvi, Lahore Pakistan
10. Mahnama “Islah”, Lucknow Syeda Arshia Sultan Naqvi Sirsivi
11. Syed Sirsivi: Hayat aur Sha`iri Dr. Kishwar Jahan Zaidi
12. Tohfa e Munawwar Syed Nawazish Murtaza Naqvi Sirsivi
13. Dr.Syed Mohammad Momin Naqvi Syeda Tasveer Hadi Naqvi
14. Gulistan e Naqi (A.S.) Syed Haider Naqvi